Video-assisted thoracic surgery lobectomy is associated with less pain, fewer in-hospital complications, and shorter hospital stays compared with open lobectomy for early-stage lung cancer, data from the VIOLET study indicate.
People who undergo bariatric surgery have a lower long-term risk for mortality, but a higher risk for adverse events such as gastrointestinal and nutritional disorders, compared with those who do not undergo surgery, researchers report.
Partial knee replacement is more cost-effective than total knee replacement over 5 years for patients with late-stage isolated medial compartment osteoarthritis of the knee, show results of the TOPKAT trial published in The Lancet.
Analysis of two US administrative databases indicates that glucocorticoid use is associated with a dose-dependent increase in postoperative infection risk in patients with rheumatoid arthritis undergoing elective total knee or hip replacement.
All-cause and prostate cancer-specific mortality rates remain comparable over nearly 2 decades of follow-up among men with early prostate cancer regardless of whether they undergo radical prostatectomy or observation, the PIVOT trial shows.
Three chart reviews shed light on various aspects of surgery for oral cavity cancer, including the definition of an optimal surgical margin, postsurgical opioid use, and survival after salvage surgery.
Patients who undergo surgical resection of abdominal visceral melanoma metastases have significantly better overall survival than those who do not, and the outcome is not greatly improved by modern systemic treatments, study findings indicate.
Patients with rectal cancer undergoing laparoscopic rectal resection have a significantly higher risk for achieving a noncomplete mesorectal excision than do those undergoing open rectal resection, meta-analysis data show.
Tranexamic acid reduces the risk of bleeding in patients undergoing coronary artery surgery without increasing the risk of death or thrombotic complications, results of the placebo-controlled ATACAS trial suggest.
Research published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology suggests that lobectomy, rather than limited resection, should be the treatment of choice for all suitable early-stage non-small-cell lung cancer patients.
Severely obese patients have longer hospital stays after coronary artery bypass grafting than patients with normal body mass index, which may be due to their increased infection risk, Canadian researchers report.