Skip to main content
main-content

Surgery

Surgery

12-08-2019 | Diabetes | News | Article

Bariatric surgery linked to late adverse events

People who undergo bariatric surgery have a lower long-term risk for mortality, but a higher risk for adverse events such as gastrointestinal and nutritional disorders, compared with those who do not undergo surgery, researchers report.

22-07-2019 | Rheumatology | News | Article

Partial knee replacement recommended for medial compartment osteoarthritis

Partial knee replacement is more cost-effective than total knee replacement over 5 years for patients with late-stage isolated medial compartment osteoarthritis of the knee, show results of the TOPKAT trial published in The Lancet.

30-05-2019 | Rheumatology | News

FDA approves first diagnostic test for joint replacement infections

The US FDA has approved a diagnostic test to aid detection of infections in the synovial fluid surrounding prosthetic joints in patients being considered for revision surgery.

20-05-2019 | Rheumatology | News | Article

Glucocorticoid use may increase infection risk in RA patients undergoing joint replacement

Analysis of two US administrative databases indicates that glucocorticoid use is associated with a dose-dependent increase in postoperative infection risk in patients with rheumatoid arthritis undergoing elective total knee or hip replacement.

08-05-2019 | Rheumatology | News | Article

Risk factors for falls after joint replacement described

The authors of a systematic review and meta-analysis have identified several modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors for falls following hip or knee replacement.

18-07-2017 | Prostate cancer | News | Article

PIVOT: No survival benefit with surgery over observation in localized prostate cancer

All-cause and prostate cancer-specific mortality rates remain comparable over nearly 2 decades of follow-up among men with early prostate cancer regardless of whether they undergo radical prostatectomy or observation, the PIVOT trial shows.

11-05-2017 | Head and neck cancer | News | Article

Oral cavity cancer surgery in focus

Three chart reviews shed light on various aspects of surgery for oral cavity cancer, including the definition of an optimal surgical margin, postsurgical opioid use, and survival after salvage surgery.

19-04-2017 | Melanoma | News | Article

Surgical resection still important in abdominal melanoma metastases

Patients who undergo surgical resection of abdominal visceral melanoma metastases have significantly better overall survival than those who do not, and the outcome is not greatly improved by modern systemic treatments, study findings indicate.

15-03-2017 | Gastrointestinal cancer | News | Article

Multimodal care alignment key in rectal cancer outcome

Patients are less likely to complete radiotherapy for rectal adenocarcinoma if treatment is performed at a different facility to their surgery, US study data show.

24-02-2017 | Cardiology | News | Article

No reduction in intraoperative bleeding with fibrinogen concentrate

Results of a randomized trial published in JAMA suggest that infusion of fibrinogen concentrate does not reduce intraoperative blood loss during high-risk cardiac surgery.

20-02-2017 | Colorectal cancer | News | Article

Value of laparoscopy questioned in rectal cancer

Patients with rectal cancer undergoing laparoscopic rectal resection have a significantly higher risk for achieving a noncomplete mesorectal excision than do those undergoing open rectal resection, meta-analysis data show.

11-11-2016 | Cardiology | News | Article

No reduction in risk of death with ischemic conditioning

Ischemic conditioning has no effect on the risk of all-cause mortality in patients undergoing invasive procedures, results of a meta-analysis suggest.

27-10-2016 | Cardiology | News | Article

No increased risk of death or thrombotic complications with tranexamic acid

Tranexamic acid reduces the risk of bleeding in patients undergoing coronary artery surgery without increasing the risk of death or thrombotic complications, results of the placebo-controlled ATACAS trial suggest.

26-10-2016 | Cardiology | News | Article

No difference in long-term outcomes after on-pump versus off-pump CABG

Five-year outcomes are similar in patients undergoing coronary-artery bypass grafting performed with cardiopulmonary bypass versus a beating-heart technique, results of the CORONARY trial suggest.

16-08-2016 | Non-small-cell lung cancer | News | Article

Lobectomy preferred option for early-stage NSCLC

Research published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology suggests that lobectomy, rather than limited resection, should be the treatment of choice for all suitable early-stage non-small-cell lung cancer patients.

21-07-2016 | Cardiology | News | Article

Post-cardiac surgery mortality greatest after 75 years of age

The relationship between age and mortality after cardiac surgery is exponential rather than linear, with the greatest risk occurring in patients aged 75 years and older, research shows.

07-06-2016 | Coronary heart disease | News | Article

Post-CABG hospital stays longer in severely obese patients

Severely obese patients have longer hospital stays after coronary artery bypass grafting than patients with normal body mass index, which may be due to their increased infection risk, Canadian researchers report.

02-06-2016 | Diabetes | News | Article

Earlier surgery may be better for early-onset Type 2 diabetes

Research suggests that prompt surgical intervention may maximise the chances of patients with early-onset Type 2 diabetes achieving remission.

26-05-2016 | Diabetes | News | Article

Diabetes societies endorse ‘metabolic surgery’

An “unprecedented” number of societies have endorsed guidelines recommending metabolic surgery for patients with diabetes – and not just for patients with severe obesity.

07-07-2015 | Surgery | News | Article

Surgery delays for elderly patients with traumatic spinal cord injury

Older patients with traumatic spinal cord injury experience significant delays in being transferred to a specialist treatment centre and receiving surgery, compared with younger patients, study findings show.

Image Credits