Analysis of two US administrative databases indicates that glucocorticoid use is associated with a dose-dependent increase in postoperative infection risk in patients with rheumatoid arthritis undergoing elective total knee or hip replacement.
All-cause and prostate cancer-specific mortality rates remain comparable over nearly 2 decades of follow-up among men with early prostate cancer regardless of whether they undergo radical prostatectomy or observation, the PIVOT trial shows.
Three chart reviews shed light on various aspects of surgery for oral cavity cancer, including the definition of an optimal surgical margin, postsurgical opioid use, and survival after salvage surgery.
Patients who undergo surgical resection of abdominal visceral melanoma metastases have significantly better overall survival than those who do not, and the outcome is not greatly improved by modern systemic treatments, study findings indicate.
Patients with rectal cancer undergoing laparoscopic rectal resection have a significantly higher risk for achieving a noncomplete mesorectal excision than do those undergoing open rectal resection, meta-analysis data show.
Tranexamic acid reduces the risk of bleeding in patients undergoing coronary artery surgery without increasing the risk of death or thrombotic complications, results of the placebo-controlled ATACAS trial suggest.
Research published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology suggests that lobectomy, rather than limited resection, should be the treatment of choice for all suitable early-stage non-small-cell lung cancer patients.
Severely obese patients have longer hospital stays after coronary artery bypass grafting than patients with normal body mass index, which may be due to their increased infection risk, Canadian researchers report.
Older patients with traumatic spinal cord injury experience significant delays in being transferred to a specialist treatment centre and receiving surgery, compared with younger patients, study findings show.