Targeted therapy improves survival over nontargeted therapy among patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma, including those who are older and have disabilities, shows an analysis of real-world data.
In patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma and untreated central nervous system metastases, intracranial response to nivolumab monotherapy is restricted to those with a limited tumor burden, suggest phase II findings.
Subgroup analysis of the IMmotion151 trial suggests improved survival with first-line atezolizumab plus bevacizumab versus sunitinib for locally advanced or metastatic renal cell carcinoma patients with sarcomatoid differentiation.
Research presented at the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting in Chicago, Illinois, USA, adds support for use of pembrolizumab plus axitinib as a first-line treatment for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma.
Almost three-quarters of patients with non-clear-cell renal cell carcinoma may benefit from treatment with the tyrosine kinase receptor inhibitor cabozantinib, suggesting its efficacy is not limited to clear-cell disease, say researchers.
The phase III TIVO-3 trial has found that both progression-free survival and response are significantly better with tivozanib than sorafenib in patients with refractory metastatic renal cell carcinoma.
Overall survival is significantly improved with the first-line combination of pembrolizumab and axitinib relative to sunitinib in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma, shows the KEYNOTE-426 trial.
Patients with previously untreated intermediate- or poor-risk advanced renal cell carcinoma derive greater health-related quality of life benefits from nivolumab plus ipilimumab than from sunitinib, CheckMate 214 data show.
Second-line treatment with vascular endothelial growth factor receptor–tyrosine kinase inhibitors after failure of nivolumab plus ipilimumab continues to benefit patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma, report researchers.
Adjuvant treatment with sunitinib may be associated with an increased mortality risk for older female patients with renal cell carcinoma, suggests a post-hoc analysis of the ASSURE trial that compared sunitinib and sorafenib with placebo.
Adding the mutation status of three genes linked to renal cell carcinoma improves the prognostic value of the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center risk model for patients receiving tyrosine kinase inhibitors for metastatic disease, research shows.
Results of the JAVELIN Renal 101 trial indicate that patients with a new diagnosis of advanced renal cell carcinoma have better outcomes when treated with the combination of avelumab and axitinib than with sunitinib.