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29-04-2013 | Neurology | Article

Gray matter atrophy underlies PD subtypes

Patients with the postural instability gait difficulty subtype of Parkinson’s disease have marked gray matter atrophy relative to those with the tremor dominant subtype, shows research.

29-04-2013 | Respiratory | Article

GOLD predicts mortality in COPD

The Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease classification of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease predicts mortality better than the 2011 ABCD scoring system, report Norwegian researchers.

29-04-2013 | Gastroenterology | Article

Exclusion diet boosts anal fissure healing

Research published in the American Journal of Gastroenterology shows that an exclusion diet combined with medical treatment can increase healing rates in patients with chronic anal fissure who have been referred for surgery.

29-04-2013 | Radiology | Article

New guidance on radioiodine therapy use after radiographic studies

Researchers have provided new evidence that could act as a guide for the use of radioiodine therapy after patients have undergone radiographic imaging studies that use iodine as a contrasting agent.

29-04-2013 | Pathology | Article

Measles outbreak prompts national vaccination catch-up program in UK

Health officials in the UK have announced a national catch-up program to target 10–16 year olds who did not receive the combined measles, mumps, and rubella vaccination in early childhood due to fears about links with autism.

28-04-2013 | Urology | Article

Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy effective for advanced renal masses

Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy is an effective treatment approach for individuals with renal cell carcinoma who have larger or more advanced renal masses, report researchers.

28-04-2013 | Surgery | Article

Continuous monitoring flags acute compartment syndrome

Continuous intracompartmental pressure monitoring is highly accurate for the detection of acute compartment syndrome after tibial diaphyseal fracture, say UK researchers who believe it may allow diagnosis before signs and symptoms occur.

28-04-2013 | Internal medicine | Article

IL-1 antagonist relieves dry eyes

Clinical trial results point to a role for interleukin-1 targeted agents for the treatment of dry eye disease associated with meibomian gland dysfunction.

28-04-2013 | Cardiology | Article

Biventricular pacing best in atrioventricular block patients

Use of biventricular rather than conventional right ventricular pacing results in better clinical outcomes in patients who have heart failure with atrioventricular block and left ventricular systolic dysfunction, show the results of BLOCK HF.

28-04-2013 | Psychology | Article

Revised criteria improve early-onset dementia diagnosis

Updated diagnostic criteria based on the Frontotemporal Dementia Consensus are “encouragingly” sensitive and specific in identifying patients who have early-onset dementia, a study finds.

28-04-2013 | Gastroenterology | Article

Educational cartoon boosts worm infection prevention

Researchers in China have found that a health education package targeted at schoolchildren can improve hygiene behaviors and reduce the incidence of soil-transmitted helminth infection.

25-04-2013 | General practice | Article

Skin cancer may increase subsequent primary malignancy risk

Research suggests that people with non-melanoma skin cancer are at moderately increased risk for developing other primary malignancies in the future, particularly breast and lung cancer and melanoma.

25-04-2013 | Cardiology | Article

Undetected arrhythmia could underlie some wake-up strokes

Unrecognized atrial fibrillation could be a cause of some wake-up strokes, say researchers who found an increased prevalence of the arrhythmia in patients who had stroke symptoms on waking.

25-04-2013 | Gynaecology | Article

Colombian antenatal HIV testing rates reveal health insurance paradox

The introduction of subsidized health insurance for poor people in Colombia resulted in decreased access to HIV tests in antenatal care, research shows.

25-04-2013 | Internal medicine | Article

Geriatric focus cuts hospital costs

An Acute Care for Elders unit with a focus on identifying and treating geriatric syndromes significantly reduces costs and 30-day readmissions for elderly patients, a study finds.

25-04-2013 | Cardiology | Article

Kidney disease screening needs rethink in hypertension

The standard approach to detecting chronic kidney disease fails to spot the condition in about a quarter of patients with hypertension, a study suggests.

24-04-2013 | Podiatry | Article

Caliper test reliable for feet

Two-point discrimination using mechanical calipers is a reliable assessment for testing tactile acuity of the foot, demonstrates research published in Rheumatology.

24-04-2013 | Gastroenterology | Article

Surgery extends life for metastatic colorectal cancer patients

Individuals with colorectal cancer that has metastasized to the liver or lung live longer after curative surgery plus chemotherapy than their counterparts who receive palliative chemotherapy alone, report researchers.

24-04-2013 | Metabolism | Article

Sugary drink consumption impacts diabetes risk

Research shows that consuming sugar-sweetened drinks significantly increases a person’s risk for developing Type 2 diabetes.

24-04-2013 | Cardiology | Article

Serum C-peptide levels predict cardiovascular death risk

Levels of C-peptide predict the risk for death from cardiovascular disease in nondiabetic adults, show data from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.