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09-04-2013 | Neurology | Article

Higher resolution scanning predicts eventual multiple sclerosis

A single T2*-weighted 7-T magnetic resonance image accurately diagnoses inflammatory demyelination and predicts the likelihood of eventual multiple sclerosis, a study finds.

07-04-2013 | Radiology | Article

Pushy parents head for CT

Parents may unduly influence whether or not their child undergoes cranial computed tomography after sustaining minor blunt head trauma, researchers warn.

04-04-2013 | Anaesthesiology | Article

Ultrasound enables fuss-free lumbar puncture

Use of ultrasound imaging helps to minimize adjustments, failures, and trauma during lumbar puncture or epidural catheterization, conclude the authors of a systematic review and meta-analysis.

03-04-2013 | Neurology | Article

Focused ultrasound alleviates essential tremor

Patients who undergo transcranial ultrasound treatment experience immediate and sustained improvements in chronic and medication-resistant essential tremor, indicate the results of a preliminary study.

01-04-2013 | Oncology | Article

Surveillance imaging ‘unjustified’ in rituximab-treated lymphoma

Surveillance fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography delivers a high false-positive rate and has low specificity during follow up in diffuse large cell lymphoma patients treated with rituximab, a study shows.

01-04-2013 | Radiology | Article

Over half of lumbar spine MRIs inappropriate, of uncertain value

Magnetic resonance imaging is vastly overused in patients with lower back pain, a Canadian study suggests.

24-03-2013 | Radiology | Article

Ultrasound-guided thoracentesis risk ‘exceedingly low’

Correction of coagulopathy may be unnecessary in patients undergoing ultrasound-guided thoracentesis, research suggests.

24-03-2013 | Neurology | Article

Headaches portend neurovascular events in pediatric brain tumor patients

Severe recurrent headaches experienced by pediatric brain tumor survivors who received cranial radiation therapy is associated with a higher likelihood for a neurovascular event and thus signals neurovascular changes, shows a study.

21-03-2013 | Legal medicine | Article

Dispute over biannual breast screening

Screening women aged 50 to 74 years old for breast cancer every 2 years is as effective as annual screening but reduces the rate of false–positive diagnoses, conclude the authors of a US study.

20-03-2013 | Surgery | Article

Colorectal cancer–constipation link dismissed

The findings of a meta-analysis fail to support the common belief that constipation increases the risk for colorectal cancer.

18-03-2013 | Immunology | Article

Allogeneic HCT feasible in patients with advanced hematologic malignancies

Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation relying on graft-versus-tumor effects is a feasible treatment regimen for patients with advanced hematologic malignancies who cannot tolerate high-intensity regimens, report researchers.

17-03-2013 | Radiology | Article

Radiosurgery gains more focus after brain tumor resection

Postoperative stereotactic radiosurgery is most suitable for the management of brain metastases when gross total resection is possible and lower volumes of radiation exposure is called for.

17-03-2013 | Surgery | Article

MRI reveals linear lesions after mild concussion

Brain imaging has detected lesions in patients with apparent mild traumatic brain injury that may help identify patients in need of acute treatment, researchers say.

14-03-2013 | Surgery | Article

Australian GPs told to shake up colorectal cancer referral system

General practitioners should take a more defined and systematic approach to the management of colorectal cancer, say Australian researchers who found that their involvement in the referral pathway was associated with poorer care.

12-03-2013 | Surgery | Article

‘More attention needed’ to reduce long-term rectal cancer QoL burden

Researchers are calling for more investigations into interventions for late-onset bowel function problems after rectal cancer surgery, after a study highlighted that patients increasingly trade improved survival for lower quality of life.

11-03-2013 | Cardiology | Article

Physician electronic reminders ‘lead to information overload’

Electronic health records can lead to information overload and primary care providers missing important information, conclude US researchers from a survey of over 5000 clinicians.

11-03-2013 | Legal medicine | Article

CT imaging risk communication deficits exposed

Survey results highlight the inadequacy of risk communication to patients undergoing computed tomography imaging, with most patients receiving no or poor quality information from their physician.

06-03-2013 | Radiology | Article

Use of advanced RT techniques increases in recent years

While the overall rate of radiotherapy use among patients with metastatic cancer in their last year of life was stable between 2000 and 2007, the use of advanced techniques increased during the period, show US study results.

05-03-2013 | Cardiology | Article

Myocardial thinning theories upended

Regional myocardial wall thinning is not necessarily indicative of transmural myocardial infarction, a study suggests.

03-03-2013 | Surgery | Article

Upgraded implantation method hones epileptogenic zone targeting

Stereoelectroencephalography methodology is accurate for identification of brain regions that are susceptible to seizures and serves as a reliable presurgical evaluation of patients with drug-resistant epilepsy.