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Thyroid

Thyroid

09-02-2006 | Thyroid | Article

Presternal parathyroid graft 'alternative' post-thyroidectomy treatment

Subcutaneous autotransplantation of parathyroid tissue in the presternal region after total parathyroidectomy may be a good surgical alternative to parathyroid transplantation on muscular structures such as the forearm, investigators suggest.

09-02-2006 | Thyroid | Article

Intrathoracic goiters carry substantial morbidity, mortality risk

Intrathoracic goiters carry a high and previously unreported risk of sternotomy, post-thyroidectomy complications, and death, Spanish scientists say in the

Archives of Surgery

.

09-02-2006 | Thyroid | Article

Genetic influence on thyroid autoimmunity outlined

Danish researchers have shown that early markers of thyroid autoimmunity are under strong genetic influence.

09-02-2006 | Thyroid | Article

Thyroid hormones affect brain development via actin polymerization

US study findings from a rat model suggest a prominent role for thyroid-hormone-dependent regulation of actin polymerization of brain development, likely involving the iodothyronine reverse triiodothyronine and thyroxine.

26-01-2006 | Thyroid | Article

PCB white matter damage not mediated by thyroid hormone pathways

Scientists from the University of Massachusetts in the USA have found that developmental exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls mimics some, but not all, of the effects of hypothyroidism on white matter composition in the brain.

26-01-2006 | Thyroid | Article

Maternal hypothyroidism may cause neonatal neurological impairment

Pregnant women with low thyroid hormone levels at 12 weeks' gestation are at increased risk of giving birth to infants with neurodevelopmental problems, suggests data published in the journal

Pediatrics

.

26-01-2006 | Thyroid | Article

Postoperative hypocalcemia risk may require calcium monitoring

Certain patients may have a raised risk of hypocalcemia following thyroid or parathyroid surgery, US researchers report in the

Archives of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery

.

26-01-2006 | Thyroid | Article

Neonatal deiodinase deficiency contributes to later hypothyroidism

Study findings in mice have demonstrated that type 3 deiodinase deficiency during neonatal development results in thyrotoxicosis and hypothyroidism that persists throughout life.

26-01-2006 | Thyroid | Article

Hemithyroidectomy patients at hypothyroidism risk

Routine monitoring of serum thyrotropin levels should be performed in all patients who undergo surgery to remove half of their thyroid gland, researchers from the University of Texas Health Science Center in the USA recommend.

12-01-2006 | Thyroid | Article

No added benefit from third-generation hyperparathyroidism assays

No benefit is derived from using third generation parathyroid hormone assays for the diagnosis of elevated serum PTH levels in primary hyperparathyroidism, French scientists claim.

12-01-2006 | Thyroid | Article

GD induced in Th1 and Th2 deficient mice

US researchers have found that hyperthyroidism characteristic of Grave's disease can be induced in mice that lack T helper 2 cells, and, to a lesser extent, in mice that lack Th1 cells.

12-01-2006 | Thyroid | Article

Low-normal TSH levels no protection against osteoporosis

Maintenance of low-to-normal levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone in hyperthyroid women may not be enough to avoid osteoporosis, researchers warn.

12-01-2006 | Thyroid | Article

Thyroid hormone receptor expression changes may trigger breast cancer

The pattern of thyroid hormone receptor expression is dysregulated in human breast cancer cells, Spanish study findings indicate.

12-01-2006 | Thyroid | Article

Recombinant TSH enables post-thyroidectomy hormone replacement

Results of an international study have revealed that giving patients recombinant human thyroid-stimulating hormone after surgery for thyroid cancer but before subsequent radioiodine treatment, avoids the need to stop thyroid replacement therapy, which would entail adverse side effects.

29-12-2005 | Thyroid | Article

Free testosterone may predict BMD after hyperparathyroidectomy

Researchers have shown that the serum level of free, active testosterone in postmenopausal women with primary hyperparathyroidism is the most crucial factor for determining bone mineral density gain after parathyroidectomy.

29-12-2005 | Thyroid | Article

PTC genome signature revealed

Researchers reporting in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences have discovered a "signature" of RNA genes, called microRNAs, which may predict the development of thyroid cancer in certain individuals.

29-12-2005 | Gynaecology | Article

Hypothyroidism raises postmenopausal breast cancer risk

Dutch study findings indicate that postmenopausal women with hypothyroidism are at increased risk of developing breast cancer.

29-12-2005 | Thyroid | Article

Thyroid nodules may be signs of malignant melanoma metastases

In patients with a history of thyroid malignancy, a new thyroid nodule should be considered a metastasis of the original condition until proved otherwise, Turkish researchers say.

29-12-2005 | Thyroid | Article

Surgical treatment improves lung function in hyperparathyroidism

Respiratory muscle dysfunction in patients with symptomatic hyperparathyroidism is reversible and significantly improves after surgical treatment, Turkish researchers say.

15-12-2005 | Thyroid | Article

Elevated thyroid antibody levels among elderly using NACB guidelines

A study comparing standard statistical approaches with the National Academy of Clinical Biochemistry guidelines has indicated that levels of thyroid hormones and antibodies may be elevated in older patients, and thus reference points set in younger patients should not be used for such individuals.