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Occupation and environment

Occupation and environment

09-01-2013 | Surgery | Article

Graft recommendation bursts onto eardrum repair scene

Researchers say that a 0.2-mm partial thickness graft is optimal for reconstruction of subtotal tympanic membrane perforation.

08-01-2013 | General practice | Article

Reducing air pollution from wood stoves may increase life expectancy

Reducing a person’s exposure to wood or biomass smoke can help increase their life expectancy, suggest findings from a study published in the



01-01-2013 | Emergency medicine | Article

Pediatric caustic ingestion injuries ‘much lower than believed’

The public health burden associated with children swallowing caustic chemicals is less than widely believed, US researchers report in the

Archives of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery


01-01-2013 | Internal medicine | Article

Farmers face increased risk for multiple myeloma

People working as farmers and those with long-term exposure to pesticides have an increased risk for multiple myeloma, results of a large European study suggest.

01-01-2013 | Internal medicine | Article

Mortality risk from long-term exposure to traffic pollution

Long-term exposure to air pollution is associated with increased rates of all-cause, cardiopulmonary, and lung cancer mortality, a large German study indicates.

30-12-2012 | General practice | Article

Domestic cleaning sprays linked to increased asthma risk in women

Study findings suggest that women who use at least two types of cleaning spray on a weekly basis to clean their homes may be putting themselves at an increased risk for asthma.

30-12-2012 | Occupational medicine | Article

World Trade Center rescue workers may face increased cancer risk

People who were involved in the rescue and recovery operation at the World Trade Center are at an increased risk for certain types of cancer, including prostate, thyroid, and myeloma, study findings suggest.

23-12-2012 | Legal medicine | Article

Sportsmanship minimizes ice hockey injuries

Banning bodychecking in youth ice hockey games may reduce game-related injury rates and increase overall player safety, systematic review findings show.

18-12-2012 | Gynaecology | Article

Long physical work does not greatly influence miscarriage risk

Results from a systematic review and meta-analysis suggest that fears about substantially increased miscarriage risks in women working shifts, long hours, and in jobs involving moderate-to-high physical workload may be largely unfounded.

11-12-2012 | Cardiology | Article

Decreased air pollution continues to increase life expectancy in USA

Significant reductions in air pollution over the past decade have improved life expectancy across various US counties, report researchers, although they stress that optimum air quality levels have not yet been reached.

06-12-2012 | Immunology | Article

Pesticides in tap water may increase food allergy risk

Having a high level of urinary dichlorophenols is associated with the presence of food sensitization and allergies, say researchers.

06-12-2012 | Infectious disease | Article

More work needed to predict, prevent zoonotic pandemics

We are on the brink of being able to predict zoonotic pandemics, say public health researchers in

The Lancet

. However, more work will be required to turn this goal into a reality.

05-12-2012 | Legal medicine | Article

Protected sleep, shorter rotations may improve clinicians’ performance

Two studies published in


show that having a period of protected sleep while being on call and having a shorter rotation result in improved alertness and a lower risk for “burnout” and emotional exhaustion in clinicians.

03-12-2012 | Neurology | Article

Parasympathetic dysfunction underpins Gulf War Syndrome

Gulf War veterans with self-reported symptoms of autonomic dysfunction have objective evidence of underlying damage to central and peripheral cholinergic function, a study shows.

27-11-2012 | Sports medicine | Article

Brain effects of high-altitude sickness retained long term

Mountaineers who experience high-altitude cerebral edema often retain traces of the bleed in their brains for many years afterward, show study findings.

21-11-2012 | Psychology | Article

Smoking in pregnancy has adverse impact on children’s reading skills

Mothers who smoke during pregnancy may be putting their children at risk for having poor reading skills, say researchers.

20-11-2012 | General practice | Article

Flame retardants may cause neurodevelopmental problems in children

Children exposed to high levels of polybrominated diphenyl ethers either prenatally or during childhood have poorer attention, fine motor coordination, and intelligence quotients than those exposed to low levels, show results from two studies.

18-11-2012 | Legal medicine | Article

Geriatric health, lungs adversely affected by air pollution

Elderly individuals living in highly polluted areas of the USA have higher levels of inflammatory markers in their blood compared with their counterparts who live in less-polluted regions, indicate the results of a study.

14-11-2012 | Immunology | Article

Triclosan exposure linked to allergies in children

Norwegian children with high levels of urinary triclosan are more likely to have allergies than children with lower levels, report researchers in



13-11-2012 | General practice | Article

Metalloacid surfaces may be answer to hospital-acquired infections

Coating surfaces in metalloacids may help control the spread of hospital-acquired infections, suggest study findings.