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Occupation and environment

Occupation and environment

05-03-2013 | General practice | Article

Fukushima report sheds light on future health risks

A detailed report carried out by the World Health Organization estimates that the risk to the general public inside and outside Japan from the Fukushima nuclear accident is minimal with no anticipated increases in cancer rates.

04-03-2013 | Emergency medicine | Article

Increased pneumonia rates after Japan earthquake

Significantly increased rates of pneumonia and related deaths were seen after the 2011 Earthquake and Tsunami in Tohoku, Japan, report researchers.

28-02-2013 | Metabolism | Article

Mercury exposure raises diabetes risk later in life

People with a high level of mercury exposure in young adulthood are at an increased risk for developing diabetes later in life, report researchers.

26-02-2013 | Paediatrics | Article

Air pollution from lead-contaminated soil a cause for concern

Research suggests that air pollution from lead-contaminated soil may explain the seasonal variation in blood lead levels observed in children, particularly those living in urban areas.

19-02-2013 | Cardiology | Article

Air pollution exposure raises cardiac death rate

Long-term exposure to high levels of particulate matter with a diameter of 2.5 mm or below increases a person’s chance for dying following a heart attack, show results from a large UK study.

13-02-2013 | Occupational medicine | Article

Teachers have a high prevalence of voice disorders

Teachers are significantly more likely to have voice disorders than individuals in other professions, research shows.

12-02-2013 | General practice | Article

Cyclist pollution exposure minimized by use of quieter roads

Research suggests that using quieter streets with less traffic exposes city cyclists to lower levels of air pollution than using more congested routes, although wind-speed has a significant influence on levels of pollution exposure experienced each day.

10-02-2013 | Psychology | Article

Work stress ‘unlikely’ cause of cancer

Work-related stress is unlikely to be a major cause of cancer, say researchers who found no link between job strain and the risk for overall or site-specific malignancy.

05-02-2013 | General practice | Article

Fish-related ciguatoxin danger highlighted

Researchers report that 28 cases of ciguatera fish poisoning occurred in New York City during 2010–2011, a greater number than were reported during the preceding 10-year period.

29-01-2013 | Cardiometabolic | Article

Tributyltin exposure may cause ‘transgenerational obesity’

Research shows that offspring of mice exposed to low doses of the chemical tributyltin, used in paints, plastics, and other consumer products, have greater than normal body fat, liver fat, and fat-specific gene expression.

28-01-2013 | Psychology | Article

Fall in pediatric asthma admissions after smoking ban in England

A ban on smoking in enclosed public and workplaces, introduced in England in 2007, was followed by an immediate dip in the number of pediatric hospital admissions for asthma, researchers say.

23-01-2013 | Immunology | Article

Diet plays key role in severe childhood allergic disorders

Study findings suggest that children and adolescents who eat fast food three times a week or more have a greater risk for severe asthma, rhinoconjunctivitis, and eczema than those who do not.

22-01-2013 | Immunology | Article

Asthma link to cleaning jobs supported

Having a cleaning job and being regularly exposed to cleaning products significantly increase a person’s risk for asthma, suggest results from a long-term UK study.

22-01-2013 | General practice | Article

Emerging tick-borne disease reaches USA

A new tick-borne infection caused by the spirochete bacteria

Borrelia miyamotoi

that produces similar symptoms to Lyme disease has been confirmed in a small number of patients in the USA.

21-01-2013 | Orthopaedics | Article

Multiple illness increases falling risk for nursing home residents

Older adults living in institutions are at a greater risk for accidentally falling over if they have more than one disease, researchers report.

17-01-2013 | Cardiology | Article

Tree decline linked to cardiac and respiratory deaths

The spread of an infectious borer that has killed millions of trees in the USA is associated with greater risk for respiratory and cardiovascular mortality among local residents, say researchers.

16-01-2013 | General practice | Article

Environmental factors may explain plague re-emergence in northern Africa

Two recent outbreaks of plague in Libya and Algeria are likely due to re-emergence or re-activation of ancient

Yersinia pestis

from the local area, rather than recent importation from the same distant source, suggest study findings.

15-01-2013 | General practice | Article

BPA adversely affects kidney function in children

Children with high levels of exposure to bisphenol A are at increased risk for low-grade albuminuria, report researchers.

14-01-2013 | Physical rehabilitation | Article

New hope for people with sound-induced deafness

Preliminary results from a study in mice suggest it may be possible to regenerate cochlear hair cells that have been damaged due to excessive noise exposure.

10-01-2013 | Infectious disease | Article

Haiti cholera: less than 50% vaccination needed to halt spread

Researchers have used a mathematical model to show that a surprisingly low level of vaccination coverage would stem the spread of cholera in Haiti that has followed the 2010 earthquake.