Patients with diabetic kidney disease have become less likely to have albuminuria but more likely to have a reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate over recent years, shows an analysis of NHANES data.
Unrecognised renal insufficiency is common among patients with acute stroke and is associated with a significantly increased risk of in-hospital mortality or severe disability at discharge, say researchers.
A South Korean research team has identified several clinical and medical factors associated with renal function decline in patients with chronic hepatitis B virus infection treated with oral nucleos(t)ide analogues.
Treatment with the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor inhibitor axitinib does not adversely affect renal function in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma even in the presence of proteinuria, a Japanese study indicates.
A pharmacokinetic–pharmacodynamic model shows that diastolic blood pressure rises with increasing doses of axitinib in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma, US researchers report, although this relationship is not linear.
The survival benefit of cytoreductive nephrectomy when used in conjunction with targeted therapy for metastatic renal cell carcinoma depends on the number of preoperative risk factors a patient carries, study findings indicate.
Survival outcomes and overall complication rates of partial nephrectomy for clinical T2 renal masses are comparable to those of radical nephrectomy when the pathological staging, histology and grading of the tumours are similar, researchers report.