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17-04-2013 | Surgery | Article

Simple assessment predicts need for reintubation

A simple scoring system allows anesthesiologists to reliably predict severe postoperative respiratory complications, researchers report in Anesthesiology.

16-04-2013 | Cardiology | Article

‘Breathprint’ offers efficient diagnosis of heart failure

Analysis of a single exhaled breath of air or “breathprint” can be used to quickly diagnose patients with heart failure, shows research.

16-04-2013 | Hospitalist | Article

Some US hospitals may face disincentive to reduce postsurgical complications

The occurrence of postsurgical complications is associated with a higher hospital contribution margin for Medicare and private insurance beneficiaries but a lower one for patients who are covered by Medicaid or self-pay, show the results of a US study.

16-04-2013 | Internal medicine | Article

Polyethylene implants effective for restoring the nasal septum

Polyethylene implants are an effective and technically easy way to repair nasal septal perforations, a Canadian study shows.

15-04-2013 | Surgery | Article

Topical mitomicin C improves sinus surgery outcomes

Topical application of mitomicin C after endoscopic sinus surgery could significantly reduce patients’ risk for developing nasal synerchiae and maxillary sinus ostium stenosis, report researchers.

15-04-2013 | Psychology | Article

Depressive symptoms worsen acute COPD exacerbation outcomes

Patients with acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease have an increased risk for a poor outcome if they have depressive symptoms, say scientists.

14-04-2013 | Stroke | Article

Stroke score predicts long-term prognosis

The ASTRAL score reliably predicts 5-year functional outcome and mortality in patients with acute ischemic stroke, research shows.

14-04-2013 | Pathology | Article

Iron deficiency significance in cancer questioned

Researchers have uncovered an intriguing correlation between iron deficiency in patients with cancer and an increased likelihood of advanced disease and poor performance status.

14-04-2013 | Gynaecology | Article

Complication rates following rotational forceps delivery ‘low’

The short-term rates of neonatal and maternal complications following successful Kielland’s rotational forceps delivery are low and comparable with other forms of delivery, and lower than those seen with cesarean delivery, say UK investigators.

11-04-2013 | Orthopaedics | Article

Chronic exertional compartment syndrome persists after surgery

A study of US military personnel reveals the burden of lower limb chronic exertional compartment syndrome, finding recurrence and disability to be common after surgery.

11-04-2013 | Cardiology | Article

Admission heart rate affects in-hospital mortality for heart failure patients

A heart rate above and below a certain threshold was independently associated with higher rates of in-hospital mortality, show study findings.

11-04-2013 | General practice | Article

Follicular squamous cell carcinoma rates ‘underestimated’

Rates of follicular squamous cell carcinomas are underestimated, suggest results from a study published in the British Journal of Dermatology.

10-04-2013 | Orthopaedics | Article

Vertebral body stenting fails to improve compression fracture surgery

Vertebral body stenting offers no advantage over balloon kyphoplasty for the treatment of painful vertebral compression fractures, suggests research published in the

Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery

.

10-04-2013 | Gastroenterology | Article

Pediatric GERD label should be used with caution

Parents are more interested in requesting acid-reducing medications for their children when symptoms of crying and excessive regurgitation are labelled as gastroesophageal reflux disease, researchers say.

09-04-2013 | Cardiology | Article

Rural critical access hospitals falling behind in performance

Medicare beneficiaries who receive inpatient care at critical access hospitals in rural communities have higher 30-day mortality rates for acute myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, and pneumonia than patients who visit other acute care hospitals, a study finds.

09-04-2013 | Surgery | Article

Decline linked to poor colorectal cancer chemotherapy outcomes in elderly

Severe toxicity and unexpected hospitalization among elderly patients receiving first-line chemotherapy for metastatic colorectal cancer is predicted by factors such as cognitive function and impairments in autonomy, say French scientists.

08-04-2013 | Neurology | Article

Prolonged seizures can cause developmental delay

Children who have one or more prolonged seizures lasting 30 minutes or more show signs of developmental delay within 6 weeks of the event, show study findings published in Epilepsia.

08-04-2013 | Genetics | Article

Patient age influences leukemia characteristics, treatment

Adult patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia are more likely to require high-risk chemotherapy than their pediatric counterparts, demonstrate results from a study using standardized diagnostic, risk assessment and treatment protocols.

08-04-2013 | Surgery | Article

Radiotherapy ‘does not preclude’ immediate breast reconstruction

Women who receive radiotherapy after free-flap breast reconstruction are no more likely to require revision surgery than those who do not, say US researchers who believe immediate autologous surgery is feasible in this group.

07-04-2013 | Neurology | Article

Modified transaction technique stifles refractory epilepsy

A modified Multiple Subpial Transection method can greatly reduce seizures in patients with refractory epilepsy while minimizing postoperative complications, research shows.