Two independent studies of older patients receiving initial chemotherapy for metastatic breast cancer or non-small-cell lung cancer have found that the risk for hospitalization or death may be predicted by the cytotoxic regimen used.
This roundup of research presented at ESTRO 37 – the annual meeting of the European Society for Radiotherapy & Oncology, held in Barcelona, Spain – covers chemoradiotherapy in older non-small-cell lung cancer patients, predictors of mortality in radiotherapy-treated NSCLC patients, and ultra-hypofractionated radiotherapy for prostate cancer.
Here we cover a study exploring the effects of age on melanoma immunotherapy outcomes and two clinical trials, one assessing anamorelin in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer-related cachexia and the other investigating a novel fibroblast growth factor receptor kinase inhibitor in the advanced cholangiocarcinoma setting.
Older patients with traumatic spinal cord injury experience significant delays in being transferred to a specialist treatment centre and receiving surgery, compared with younger patients, study findings show.
US researchers have found that use of continuous positive airway pressure in patients with both chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and obstructive sleep apnea is associated with reductions in mortality, even when used only minimally.
Increased visit-to-visit blood pressure variability is associated with impaired cognition in elderly patients with risk factors for cardiovascular disease, shows a secondary analysis of a randomized, controlled trial.
A population-based study shows that patients with schizophrenia are more likely to die in a nursing home than mentally healthy individuals, raising questions about the adequacy of palliative care they receive in this setting.
Discrepancy between self-report and actigraphy-measured sleep in older adults with insomnia who perceive their poor sleep to be a problem may be indicative of a meaningful sleep disturbance rather than a measurement error, researchers suggest.