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24-04-2013 | Gastroenterology | Article

Epstein–Barr virus linked to improved gastric cancer survival

Research shows that Epstein–Barr virus positivity in gastric tumor cells is associated with improved prognosis.

24-04-2013 | Anaesthesiology | Article

Protective ventilation strategy offers post-op lung benefits

Patients who receive a lung-protective ventilation strategy during abdominal surgery benefit from better respiratory function and fewer signs of infection afterward, a study finds.

23-04-2013 | Cardiology | Article

Arsenic exposure may trigger hypertension

Results from a Chinese study suggest that exposure to arsenic through contaminated drinking water may increase a person’s risk for developing hypertension.

23-04-2013 | General practice | Article

Chinese bird flu continues to spread

The H7N9 avian influenza outbreak in China is continuing to spread, although authorities believe that the large majority of those affected did not become infected via human-to-human contact.

23-04-2013 | Paediatrics | Article

Diagnostic hallmarks of POTS identified

US researchers have identified a constellation of symptoms that are associated with a diagnosis of postural tachycardia syndrome in adolescent patients with headache.

23-04-2013 | Gastroenterology | Article

Crohn’s permanent stoma rates plummet in post-biologic era

Permanent stoma creation in patients with extensive Crohn’s disease has fallen to a third of its previous rate following the advent of biologic therapy, research shows.

23-04-2013 | Internal medicine | Article

Fixed-dose combination of drugs effectively lowers IOP

A fixed-dose combination of brinzolamide and brimonidine is more effective than either drug given alone for lowering intraocular pressure in patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension, results of a phase III trial indicate.

23-04-2013 | Geriatrics | Article

Transcranial magnetic stimulation benefits in Parkinson’s disease

A course of low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation delivered over the supplementary motor area improves motor symptoms in patients with Parkinson’s disease, shows results from a randomized controlled trial.

22-04-2013 | Physical rehabilitation | Article

Nutritional supplementation boosts COPD rehabilitation

Combining high-carbohydrate nutritional supplementation with pulmonary rehabilitation may help reverse weight loss and muscle wasting in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, research suggests.

22-04-2013 | Orthopaedics | Article

Graft cells survive bone cement curing

Tissue-engineered constructs are feasible in orthopedic surgery procedures that require polymerizing bone cement, UK scientists say.

22-04-2013 | Radiology | Article

Radiotherapy improves QoL among elderly with bone metastases

Radiotherapy can significantly improve the quality of life of elderly individuals with cancer that has metastasized to the bone, show study results presented at the 2nd European Society for Radiotherapy and Oncology Forum in Geneva, Switzerland.

22-04-2013 | General practice | Article

Good dental care reduces mortality risk in elderly

Elderly individuals with tooth loss could lower their risk for mortality if they practice good oral hygiene, report researchers.

22-04-2013 | Genetics | Article

Gene responsible for half asplenia cases discovered

Researchers have discovered that mutations in the ribosomal protein SA gene are responsible for around half of all cases of isolated congenital asplenia.

22-04-2013 | Surgery | Article

Vacuum-assisted closure aids complex wound healing in head and neck

Vacuum-assisted closure is an effective treatment in the management of wound-healing disorders of the head and neck, say researchers.

22-04-2013 | Gynaecology | Article

Tamoxifen breast changes predict survival

Women with breast cancer who experience a tamoxifen-related decrease in mammographic density have significantly better survival than patients whose breast density is unaffected by the agent, suggest study findings.

22-04-2013 | Immunology | Article

Single allergen sensitization tests may miss cases in children

There is significant discordance between the results of allergen-specific skin prick tests and allergen-specific serum immunoglobulin E levels for identifying aeroallergen sensitization in children under the age of 4 years, a study finds.

22-04-2013 | Paediatrics | Article

Psychiatric disorders in young adulthood linked to bullying in childhood

Study findings show that young adolescents who have been bullied have an increased risk for developing a psychiatric disorder as young adults, with the worst effects seen for individuals who are both victims and bullies.

21-04-2013 | Oncology | Article

Tea and coffee may protect against oral cancer

Consumption of tea and coffee is inversely correlated with the risk for cancer of the oral cavity, a large population-based study suggests.

21-04-2013 | Cardiology | Article

Shock waves improve intracoronary cell therapy in heart failure

Pretreatment with targeted shock wave therapy improves recovery of left ventricular ejection fraction in patients with heart failure receiving intracoronary administration of bone-marrow-derived mononuclear cells, a German study shows.

21-04-2013 | Surgery | Article

Blood protein levels provide brain injury prognosis

Serum S-100β protein concentrations are significantly associated with unfavorable prognosis after moderate or severe traumatic brain injury, a study finds.