Online video improves atopic dermatitis outcomes in adults
MedWire News: An online educational video improves atopic dermatitis outcomes significantly more than written information and is considered to be more "appealing" by patients, say researchers.
Good patient education can improve clinical outcomes, as well as patient knowledge, say April Armstrong (University of California, Sacramento, USA) and colleagues.
They carried out a randomized controlled trial of 80 individuals with atopic dermatitis, aged 48 years on average, who were assigned to receive video-based education on their condition, with information on clinical signs of atopic dermatitis, environmental factors, and various different treatment options, or a written pamphlet containing the same information.
Atopic dermatitis severity was assessed using the patient-orientated eczema measure (POEM) scale (maximum score=28) at baseline and after 12 weeks. The patients were advised to view their assigned educational material at least once during the study.
Mean baseline POEM scores were 8.63 and 9.03 in the pamphlet and video groups, respectively. Over the study period, patient in the video group had a significantly greater mean POEM score reduction than those in the pamphlet group, at 3.30 versus 1.03 points.
The participants were asked to rate the quality of the educational material at the end of the study from 1 to 10. There was no difference in perceived quality of the material, with scores of 7.43 and 7.63 for the pamphlet and video groups, respectively.
However, the video was considered significantly more appealing than the pamphlet by the patients, with respective scores of 8.20 and 6.55.
"With the rising incidence of atopic dermatitis, efficient and effective patient education becomes a vital component to disease management," write the authors in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.
They conclude: "This study demonstrates that online video-based education significantly decreased atopic dermatitis severity in adults, and was more effective in improving clinical outcomes than written pamphlets."
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By Helen Albert