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Hospital medicine

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29-04-2013 | Paediatrics | Article

Frequency of childhood gunshot injuries ‘concerning’

Results from a survey carried out in Colorado, USA, show that a small but significant number of children in the region are killed or injured by firearms every year.

22-04-2013 | Cardiology | Article

HAART to heart for children with HIV

Long-term highly active antiretroviral therapy appears to protect children with HIV from associated cardiac problems, suggest study findings.

22-04-2013 | Emergency medicine | Article

Noninvasive neonatal heart monitoring method shows promise

The diameter of the inferior vena cava on ultrasound correlates strongly with central venous pressure in neonates, research shows.

18-04-2013 | Orthopaedics | Article

ICU care questioned for scoliosis surgery in teens

Intensive care unit admission may be unnecessary after spinal fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis for patients without complications, research suggests.

15-04-2013 | Surgery | Article

Topical mitomicin C improves sinus surgery outcomes

Topical application of mitomicin C after endoscopic sinus surgery could significantly reduce patients’ risk for developing nasal synerchiae and maxillary sinus ostium stenosis, report researchers.

14-04-2013 | Gynaecology | Article

Complication rates following rotational forceps delivery ‘low’

The short-term rates of neonatal and maternal complications following successful Kielland’s rotational forceps delivery are low and comparable with other forms of delivery, and lower than those seen with cesarean delivery, say UK investigators.

10-04-2013 | Gastroenterology | Article

Pediatric GERD label should be used with caution

Parents are more interested in requesting acid-reducing medications for their children when symptoms of crying and excessive regurgitation are labelled as gastroesophageal reflux disease, researchers say.

08-04-2013 | Neurology | Article

Prolonged seizures can cause developmental delay

Children who have one or more prolonged seizures lasting 30 minutes or more show signs of developmental delay within 6 weeks of the event, show study findings published in Epilepsia.

08-04-2013 | Genetics | Article

Patient age influences leukemia characteristics, treatment

Adult patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia are more likely to require high-risk chemotherapy than their pediatric counterparts, demonstrate results from a study using standardized diagnostic, risk assessment and treatment protocols.

07-04-2013 | Radiology | Article

Pushy parents head for CT

Parents may unduly influence whether or not their child undergoes cranial computed tomography after sustaining minor blunt head trauma, researchers warn.

03-04-2013 | Cardiology | Article

Study sheds doubt on Blalock Taussig shunts for infants

Use of a modified Blalock Taussig shunt for the treatment of biventricular and univentricular infant hearts is associated with significant mortality and morbidity, indicate Swiss study results.

03-04-2013 | General practice | Article

GPs' referral wording can speed up childhood cancer diagnosis

The wording of a general practitioner's referral letter to the consultant has a significant impact on the time to diagnosis for pediatric cancer patients, Danish research shows.

02-04-2013 | Surgery | Article

Pediatric surgery study methodology ‘inconsistent’

Research addressing the influence of surgeon or hospital experience on the outcome of children’s surgery significantly varies in methodology and definition, a review suggests.

01-04-2013 | Oncology | Article

T-cell therapy holds promise for ALL children

Two children with relapsed and chemotherapy-refractory pre-B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia achieved complete remission after treatment with modified T cells, show study findings published in The New England Journal of Medicine.

25-03-2013 | Emergency medicine | Article

Understaffing for intensive care infants has infection consequences

Nurse understaffing relative to national guidelines is associated with higher rates of infection among very-low-birthweight infants in US neonatal intensive care units, a study shows.

25-03-2013 | Paediatrics | Article

Acute-poisoning admissions common, non-serious in under 6s

Acute poisoning events requiring hospital admission are fairly common in children under the age of 6 years, but are usually resolved quickly with no loss of life or significant period of illness, show results from a Finnish study.

17-03-2013 | Surgery | Article

Prognostic factors for pediatric renal stone treatment identified

The size and length of renal stones predict whether shock wave lithotripsy will be successful in pediatric patients, report researchers.

13-03-2013 | Psychology | Article

Verbal short-term memory impaired in children with cochlear implants

Children with cochlear implants have reduced verbal short-term memory and working memory, which affects some speech and language outcomes, a longitudinal study shows.

11-03-2013 | Paediatrics | Article

Anemia risk in pediatric CKD varies with country

The risk for anemia among children undergoing peritoneal dialysis for chronic kidney disease may be influenced by country of residence, findings from a global study suggest.

11-03-2013 | Neurology | Article

Intraventricular hemorrhage grade prognostic for preterm infants

Study findings published in JAMA Pediatrics suggest that high-risk preterm infants who develop grade 1 or 2 periventricular-intraventricular hemorrhage have comparable neurodevelopmental outcomes to infants with no hemorrhage.