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02-04-2013 | Gynaecology | Article

Air pollution increases neural tube defect risk for unborn babies

A high level of exposure to air pollution in early pregnancy significantly increases the risk for congenital birth defects, suggest US study findings published in the

American Journal of Epidemiology

.

31-03-2013 | Gynaecology | Article

Group B strep detection improved for pregnant women

Researchers have developed a rapid diagnostic test that can identify Group B Streptococcus colonization in antepartum patients in just 6.5 hours, while simultaneously allowing for the determination of antimicrobial susceptibility.

27-03-2013 | General practice | Article

Wealth wards off fractures

The highest risk for fractures is concentrated in the most deprived sector of society, report UK researchers.

26-03-2013 | Psychology | Article

Smoke-free workplaces improve home health

Making workplaces smoke free encourages people to make their homes smoke free, suggest findings from an Indian study.

25-03-2013 | Metabolism | Article

Meta-analysis shows reduced dementia risk with statin use

A meta-analysis of eight prospective cohort studies looking at the effect of treatment with statins has shown a significant reduction in dementia risk.

25-03-2013 | Gynaecology | Article

Vitamin D pregnancy advice ‘overstated’

UK researchers have raised questions about recommendations for vitamin D supplementation after finding that maternal vitamin D levels during pregnancy are not linked to the child’s future bone health.

24-03-2013 | Legal medicine | Article

Greater attention to hepatitis C virus in detention facilities needed

Around 2.2 million prison detainees worldwide are anti-hepatitis C virus positive, estimate the authors of a global meta-analysis, who say that more must be done to identify and treat HCV in this population.

24-03-2013 | General practice | Article

HPV vaccination should be complete before age 20

Human papillomavirus vaccination programs may only be effective when targeted at individuals aged under 20 years, show findings from a Swedish study.

21-03-2013 | Legal medicine | Article

Dispute over biannual breast screening

Screening women aged 50 to 74 years old for breast cancer every 2 years is as effective as annual screening but reduces the rate of false–positive diagnoses, conclude the authors of a US study.

21-03-2013 | Psychology | Article

Behavior change counseling training lacks impact

Training primary care physicians in motivational interviewing techniques does not result in improved positive behavior change among their patients, researchers report in the BMJ.

20-03-2013 | General practice | Article

Changes in physical activity can influence bone health in children

Danish researchers say that small changes in physical activity can have a significant effect on the bone health of children, after finding that children who spent more time in moderate-to-high level physical activity had improved bone mineral content, bone mineral density, and bone area accretion.

18-03-2013 | Cardiology | Article

BMI linked to disease-specific mortality in very elderly Japanese

Very elderly Japanese individuals should not let their body mass index fall to below 22, warn researchers.

18-03-2013 | Immunology | Article

ART monitoring unnecessary in children with HIV

Routine laboratory monitoring for toxicity is unnecessary in children with HIV treated with non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors plus nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors, research shows.

17-03-2013 | Gynaecology | Article

HRT role in breast cancer challenged

There is insufficient evidence to determine the role of hormone replacement therapy in the development of breast cancer, suggests a review published in the Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care.

14-03-2013 | Psychology | Article

Targeted HIV prophylaxis key to cost effectiveness

A review of modeling studies shows that HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis is a cost-effective prevention strategy in many settings.

13-03-2013 | Dietetics | Article

Processed meat consumption linked to premature mortality

Recent findings published in BMC Medicine indicate an association between higher processed meat consumption and early mortality from cardiovascular disease and cancer.

12-03-2013 | Public health | Article

Underreporting of orphan zoonotic disease in the UK

”Orphan” zoonotic diseases might be underdiagnosed and underreported in the UK, with awareness of these diseases likely to be greater in rural areas than in urban centers, suggests a review.

11-03-2013 | General practice | Article

Temperature peaks trigger elderly respiratory admissions

US researchers have found that rises in outdoor heat are associated with increased numbers of respiratory hospital admissions among the elderly.

11-03-2013 | Legal medicine | Article

CT imaging risk communication deficits exposed

Survey results highlight the inadequacy of risk communication to patients undergoing computed tomography imaging, with most patients receiving no or poor quality information from their physician.

10-03-2013 | Genetics | Article

Resistant HBV mutants raise public health concerns

Researchers have shown that treatment with anti-hepatitis B virus nucleoside analogs in HBV–HIV co-infection results in a substantial increase in mutants linked to treatment and vaccine resistance.