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18-04-2013 | Internal medicine | Article

Cost awareness fosters prudent test ordering

A modest decrease in laboratory test ordering occurs when fee data are presented to providers, a study finds.

17-04-2013 | Surgery | Article

Happy patients no indicator of surgical quality

Patient satisfaction with their hospital stay does not inform on the quality of surgical care they received, US researchers warn.

16-04-2013 | Occupational medicine | Article

Smoking significant contributor to asbestos-related lung cancer

Quitting smoking significantly reduces a person’s chance of getting lung cancer after being exposed to asbestos, suggest study findings.

16-04-2013 | Cardiology | Article

Heart rate more than fitness marker

Long-term follow up of men in the Copenhagen Male Study has separated out the effects of resting heart rate and physical fitness on mortality risk

16-04-2013 | General practice | Article

Turning up the heat on dengue

Research published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences shows that dengue virus particles or virions change their shape at human body temperature.

15-04-2013 | Cardiology | Article

Global vascular risk factors for cognitive decline modifiable

Vascular risk factors that are potentially modifiable are associated with cognitive decline in aging populations, show research findings.

15-04-2013 | Radiology | Article

Incidental CT could boost osteoporosis detection

Patients undergoing abdominal computed tomography could be assessed for incidental osteoporosis of the lumbar spine, US researchers say.

14-04-2013 | Cardiology | Article

Push to reduce global salt intake

Countries should aim for even lower adult salt consumption than the current World Health Organization targets, say researchers.

11-04-2013 | Prostate cancer | Article

PSA test harms outweigh prostate cancer benefits in majority

Men should be warned that the chances of harm from screening with the prostate-specific antigen test outweigh the likelihood of benefit for most men, says the American College of Physicians in a guideline statement on prostate cancer screening.

11-04-2013 | Cardiology | Article

Guideline-directed HF therapy ‘saves money and lives’

Medical treatment of heart failure in line with current clinical guidelines is highly cost-effective and may even be cost-saving, study findings indicate.

10-04-2013 | General practice | Article

Tonsillectomy benefits adults with recurrent pharyngitis

Adults who experience recurrent pharyngitis may benefit from having their tonsils removed, report researchers.

10-04-2013 | Legal medicine | Article

Spontaneous stillbirth rates not on the rise

Canadian researchers have found that an increase in stillbirth rates over the past decade is due primarily to higher numbers of pregnancy terminations for congenital anomalies, and is not related to changes in spontaneous stillbirth rates.

10-04-2013 | General practice | Article

US state nutrition laws governing school meals predict pupil weight

US researchers have identified an association between strict state laws guiding nutrition in school meals and better weight status in students receiving free or reduced-price school meals compared with students who do not obtain these lunches.

09-04-2013 | Psychology | Article

Mental disorders prevalent among parents who commit filicide

UK study findings published in

PLoS One

reveal that over one-third of parents and step-parents who murder their children – known as filicide – have a mental disorder.

09-04-2013 | General practice | Article

Global burden of dengue underestimated

Findings from a study published in Nature suggest that the annual number of dengue virus infections worldwide is approximately 390 million, a figure over three times greater than that provided by the World Health Organization for the disease.

09-04-2013 | Infectious disease | Article

Decontamination of unused hospital supplies prevents waste

Using hydrogen peroxide vapor to decontaminate unused hospital supplies that may have come into contact with multidrug-resistant organisms is effective and could save a significant amount of money, report researchers.

08-04-2013 | Immunology | Article

Etanercept reaps workplace benefits

The cost of treatment with the tumor necrosis factor inhibitor etanercept is offset by increased ability to work, suggests a study of US patients with moderate-to-severe rheumatoid arthritis.

04-04-2013 | Internal medicine | Article

Catheter infections prove to be a problem that cannot be ignored

Prompt identification of when to remove an indwelling urethral catheter can prevent catheter-associated urinary tract infection in hospital patients, studies find.

03-04-2013 | Metabolism | Article

Unhealthy behaviors in adolescents prompt heart disease fears

Unhealthy behaviors in teenagers may result in a significant increase in cardiovascular diseases in the future, suggest researchers.

02-04-2013 | Legal medicine | Article

UK clinicians show little support for controlling ‘fertility tourism’

Research shows there is little support among health professionals in the UK for legal controls on cross-border fertility treatment.