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30-05-2013 | Respiratory | Article

COPD, comorbidities linked to poor hospitalization outcomes

Data from the Swiss population show that patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who are hospitalized experience poorer outcomes than patients without COPD, even if the condition was not the reason they were admitted.

15-05-2013 | Respiratory | Article

‘Obesity paradox’ holds true in COPD

Obese patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are significantly less likely to die in hospital, or to be readmitted following an exacerbation than normal weight patients, show the results of Spanish research.

09-05-2013 | Emergency medicine | Article

Hypertension drug shows schizophrenia promise

Results from a proof-of-concept study point to a role for sodium nitroprusside in the treatment of schizophrenia.

29-04-2013 | Radiology | Article

New guidance on radioiodine therapy use after radiographic studies

Researchers have provided new evidence that could act as a guide for the use of radioiodine therapy after patients have undergone radiographic imaging studies that use iodine as a contrasting agent.

28-04-2013 | Urology | Article

Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy effective for advanced renal masses

Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy is an effective treatment approach for individuals with renal cell carcinoma who have larger or more advanced renal masses, report researchers.

28-04-2013 | Surgery | Article

Continuous monitoring flags acute compartment syndrome

Continuous intracompartmental pressure monitoring is highly accurate for the detection of acute compartment syndrome after tibial diaphyseal fracture, say UK researchers who believe it may allow diagnosis before signs and symptoms occur.

25-04-2013 | Internal medicine | Article

Geriatric focus cuts hospital costs

An Acute Care for Elders unit with a focus on identifying and treating geriatric syndromes significantly reduces costs and 30-day readmissions for elderly patients, a study finds.

24-04-2013 | Anaesthesiology | Article

Protective ventilation strategy offers post-op lung benefits

Patients who receive a lung-protective ventilation strategy during abdominal surgery benefit from better respiratory function and fewer signs of infection afterward, a study finds.

22-04-2013 | Orthopaedics | Article

Graft cells survive bone cement curing

Tissue-engineered constructs are feasible in orthopedic surgery procedures that require polymerizing bone cement, UK scientists say.

22-04-2013 | Surgery | Article

Vacuum-assisted closure aids complex wound healing in head and neck

Vacuum-assisted closure is an effective treatment in the management of wound-healing disorders of the head and neck, say researchers.

21-04-2013 | Surgery | Article

Blood protein levels provide brain injury prognosis

Serum S-100β protein concentrations are significantly associated with unfavorable prognosis after moderate or severe traumatic brain injury, a study finds.

21-04-2013 | Radiology | Article

Multiphasic multidetector CT aids renal cell carcinoma differentiation

Multiphasic multidetector computed tomography may help clinicians discriminate clear cell renal cell carcinoma from oncocytoma, papillary RCC, and chromophobe RCC, study findings suggest.

18-04-2013 | Emergency medicine | Article

Glutamine supplements increase mortality in critically ill patients

Giving critically ill patients with multiorgan failure intravenous and enteral glutamine supplements increases mortality at 6 months, and antioxidant supplements have no effect, a study shows.

18-04-2013 | Internal medicine | Article

Cost awareness fosters prudent test ordering

A modest decrease in laboratory test ordering occurs when fee data are presented to providers, a study finds.

17-04-2013 | Surgery | Article

Happy patients no indicator of surgical quality

Patient satisfaction with their hospital stay does not inform on the quality of surgical care they received, US researchers warn.

17-04-2013 | Surgery | Article

Triple antiseptic strategy wipes out preoperative bacteria

Meta-analysis results point to a triple-chemical skin cleansing strategy to help reduce the risk for surgical site infection after foot and ankle operations.

17-04-2013 | Surgery | Article

Simple assessment predicts need for reintubation

A simple scoring system allows anesthesiologists to reliably predict severe postoperative respiratory complications, researchers report in Anesthesiology.

16-04-2013 | Cardiology | Article

‘Breathprint’ offers efficient diagnosis of heart failure

Analysis of a single exhaled breath of air or “breathprint” can be used to quickly diagnose patients with heart failure, shows research.

16-04-2013 | Hospitalist | Article

Some US hospitals may face disincentive to reduce postsurgical complications

The occurrence of postsurgical complications is associated with a higher hospital contribution margin for Medicare and private insurance beneficiaries but a lower one for patients who are covered by Medicaid or self-pay, show the results of a US study.

16-04-2013 | Internal medicine | Article

Polyethylene implants effective for restoring the nasal septum

Polyethylene implants are an effective and technically easy way to repair nasal septal perforations, a Canadian study shows.