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Surgery

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22-04-2013 | Surgery | Article

Vacuum-assisted closure aids complex wound healing in head and neck

Vacuum-assisted closure is an effective treatment in the management of wound-healing disorders of the head and neck, say researchers.

21-04-2013 | Cardiology | Article

Shock waves improve intracoronary cell therapy in heart failure

Pretreatment with targeted shock wave therapy improves recovery of left ventricular ejection fraction in patients with heart failure receiving intracoronary administration of bone-marrow-derived mononuclear cells, a German study shows.

21-04-2013 | Surgery | Article

Blood protein levels provide brain injury prognosis

Serum S-100β protein concentrations are significantly associated with unfavorable prognosis after moderate or severe traumatic brain injury, a study finds.

18-04-2013 | Orthopaedics | Article

ICU care questioned for scoliosis surgery in teens

Intensive care unit admission may be unnecessary after spinal fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis for patients without complications, research suggests.

17-04-2013 | Surgery | Article

Happy patients no indicator of surgical quality

Patient satisfaction with their hospital stay does not inform on the quality of surgical care they received, US researchers warn.

17-04-2013 | Surgery | Article

Triple antiseptic strategy wipes out preoperative bacteria

Meta-analysis results point to a triple-chemical skin cleansing strategy to help reduce the risk for surgical site infection after foot and ankle operations.

17-04-2013 | Surgery | Article

Simple assessment predicts need for reintubation

A simple scoring system allows anesthesiologists to reliably predict severe postoperative respiratory complications, researchers report in Anesthesiology.

16-04-2013 | Gastroenterology | Article

Surgery should not be default for rectoceles

Researchers have found no difference in anorectal physiology or severity of obstructed defecation syndrome between patients with and without rectoceles.

16-04-2013 | Hospitalist | Article

Some US hospitals may face disincentive to reduce postsurgical complications

The occurrence of postsurgical complications is associated with a higher hospital contribution margin for Medicare and private insurance beneficiaries but a lower one for patients who are covered by Medicaid or self-pay, show the results of a US study.

16-04-2013 | Internal medicine | Article

Polyethylene implants effective for restoring the nasal septum

Polyethylene implants are an effective and technically easy way to repair nasal septal perforations, a Canadian study shows.

15-04-2013 | Surgery | Article

Topical mitomicin C improves sinus surgery outcomes

Topical application of mitomicin C after endoscopic sinus surgery could significantly reduce patients’ risk for developing nasal synerchiae and maxillary sinus ostium stenosis, report researchers.

15-04-2013 | Surgery | Article

Childhood strabismus surgery has plummeted since 1960

Rates of surgery for childhood squint in England have fallen dramatically over the past 50 years, shows a study published in the British Journal of Ophthalmology.

11-04-2013 | Orthopaedics | Article

Chronic exertional compartment syndrome persists after surgery

A study of US military personnel reveals the burden of lower limb chronic exertional compartment syndrome, finding recurrence and disability to be common after surgery.

10-04-2013 | Anaesthesiology | Article

Genotoxic properties of nitrous oxide revealed yet again

Nitrous oxide administered to adult patients undergoing major elective open colorectal surgery is associated with DNA damage in peripheral leukocytes, a study finds

09-04-2013 | Pain medicine | Article

Gray-matter changes involved in phantom limb pain

People who undergo upper limb amputation show a significant increase in gray matter in brain regions involved in vision, research findings show.

09-04-2013 | Surgery | Article

Decline linked to poor colorectal cancer chemotherapy outcomes in elderly

Severe toxicity and unexpected hospitalization among elderly patients receiving first-line chemotherapy for metastatic colorectal cancer is predicted by factors such as cognitive function and impairments in autonomy, say French scientists.

08-04-2013 | Surgery | Article

Radiotherapy ‘does not preclude’ immediate breast reconstruction

Women who receive radiotherapy after free-flap breast reconstruction are no more likely to require revision surgery than those who do not, say US researchers who believe immediate autologous surgery is feasible in this group.

07-04-2013 | Neurology | Article

Modified transaction technique stifles refractory epilepsy

A modified Multiple Subpial Transection method can greatly reduce seizures in patients with refractory epilepsy while minimizing postoperative complications, research shows.

04-04-2013 | Surgery | Article

Hip replacement cancer risk ‘not major cause for concern’

Epidemiologic evidence may reassure patients with hip replacements that their prosthesis is unlikely to significantly increase their risk for cancer, UK researchers say.

03-04-2013 | Surgery | Article

Postoperative dysphagia concerns for hip fracture surgery

Around a third of elderly patients experience oropharyngeal dysphagia while recovering from hip fracture surgery, say Australian researchers who have identified markers for the complication.