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Surgery

Latest articles

27-06-2013 | Neurology | Article

Cochlear nerve size predicts implantation success

Preoperative assessment of the cochlear nerve can predict postoperative outcome in patients undergoing cochlear implantation for postlingual deafness, research suggests.

25-06-2013 | Oncology | Article

Poor evidence occludes locally advanced RCC surgery recommendations

Researchers have failed to find sufficient evidence to conclude whether concomitant lymph node dissection or ipsilateral adrenalectomy with radical nephrectomy improves oncologic outcomes for patients with locally advanced renal cell carcinoma.

19-06-2013 | Cardiology | Article

CABG offers survival advantage for diabetes population

Coronary artery bypass graft offers a significant survival advantage over medical therapy for patients with diabetes and multivessel coronary artery disease, MASS II trial results indicate.

12-06-2013 | Stroke | News | Article

ARUBA backs hands-off approach to unruptured brain AVMs

The prematurely halted ARUBA study shows that intervention in patients with unruptured brain ateriovenous malformations may do more harm than good.

10-06-2013 | Infectious disease | Article

Extended antibiotics fail to reduce open fracture infection

The high risk for infection in patients with extensive soft tissue damage around an open fracture is not reduced by extending the duration of antibiotic treatment, research suggests.

09-06-2013 | Rheumatology | Article

Lupus diagnosis warns of postoperative risks

Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus are at high risk for a poor outcome from surgery, highlights research published in the Annals of Rheumatic Disease.

03-06-2013 | Stroke | Article

STICH II pinpoints likely benefits of early ICH surgery

Early surgery may benefit only a small subgroup of patients with intracerebral hemorrhage, the STICH II investigators report at the European Stroke Conference in London, UK.

23-05-2013 | Neurology | Article

Seizure prediction ‘milestone’ achieved

Pioneering research shows that intracranial electroencephalographic monitoring is feasible in patients with drug-resistant epilepsy.

29-04-2013 | Gastroenterology | Article

Exclusion diet boosts anal fissure healing

Research published in the American Journal of Gastroenterology shows that an exclusion diet combined with medical treatment can increase healing rates in patients with chronic anal fissure who have been referred for surgery.

28-04-2013 | Surgery | Article

Continuous monitoring flags acute compartment syndrome

Continuous intracompartmental pressure monitoring is highly accurate for the detection of acute compartment syndrome after tibial diaphyseal fracture, say UK researchers who believe it may allow diagnosis before signs and symptoms occur.

25-04-2013 | Surgery | Article

Osteomyelitis guidelines push pediatric care

US clinicians have demonstrated the benefits of multidisciplinary evidence-based guidelines for the treatment of children with osteomyelitis.

24-04-2013 | Neurology | Article

Intense speech therapy shows potential in post-ischemic aphasia

Patients who have post-stroke aphasia might achieve slightly enhanced improvement in language and functional communication if they receive intensive – versus regular – speech and language therapy, a study finds.

24-04-2013 | Cardiology | Article

Beta blockade aids select surgery patients

Research supports the use of perioperative beta blockade in patients with cardiovascular risk factors undergoing nonvascular procedures, finding this treatment to significantly improve short-term survival.

24-04-2013 | Anaesthesiology | Article

Protective ventilation strategy offers post-op lung benefits

Patients who receive a lung-protective ventilation strategy during abdominal surgery benefit from better respiratory function and fewer signs of infection afterward, a study finds.

23-04-2013 | Gastroenterology | Article

Crohn’s permanent stoma rates plummet in post-biologic era

Permanent stoma creation in patients with extensive Crohn’s disease has fallen to a third of its previous rate following the advent of biologic therapy, research shows.

23-04-2013 | Neurology | Article

Warning over US neurologist shortage

Neurologists are urging the US Congress to undertake policy changes that will encourage more medical residents to specialize in neurology to ensure patient access to care.

22-04-2013 | Orthopaedics | Article

Graft cells survive bone cement curing

Tissue-engineered constructs are feasible in orthopedic surgery procedures that require polymerizing bone cement, UK scientists say.

22-04-2013 | Surgery | Article

Vacuum-assisted closure aids complex wound healing in head and neck

Vacuum-assisted closure is an effective treatment in the management of wound-healing disorders of the head and neck, say researchers.

21-04-2013 | Cardiology | Article

Shock waves improve intracoronary cell therapy in heart failure

Pretreatment with targeted shock wave therapy improves recovery of left ventricular ejection fraction in patients with heart failure receiving intracoronary administration of bone-marrow-derived mononuclear cells, a German study shows.

21-04-2013 | Surgery | Article

Blood protein levels provide brain injury prognosis

Serum S-100β protein concentrations are significantly associated with unfavorable prognosis after moderate or severe traumatic brain injury, a study finds.