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Pulmonary medicine

Latest articles

13-01-2015 | Cardiology | Article

Peripheral muscles weakened in PAH patients

Patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension have peripheral muscle weakness that is independent of impairments in their respiratory muscles, research shows.

13-01-2015 | Cardiology | Article

Concentric remodelling preserves right ventricular function in PAH

Systolic function is better preserved in patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension if they have a higher right ventricle mass-to-volume ratio, research shows.

13-01-2015 | Respiratory | Article

CT measures can refine PAH prognosis

Structural features identifiable on computed tomography pulmonary angiography can provide prognostic information for patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension, say UK researchers.

04-12-2014 | Cardiology | Article

PAH markers identified among Chinese systemic sclerosis patients

A study of Chinese patients with systemic sclerosis has identified predictive markers for accompanying pulmonary arterial hypertension similar to those that have been identified in other ethnic groups.

02-12-2014 | Cardiology | Article

Noninvasive PAH diagnosis on the horizon

Measuring the duration of vortical blood flow in the main pulmonary artery allows accurate estimation of pulmonary blood pressure and diagnosis of pulmonary arterial hypertension, say researchers.

25-11-2014 | Respiratory | Article

Better evidence needed for relationship between exercise and COPD

Researchers call for high-quality studies investigating the relationship between physical activity and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease after their systematic review found the level of evidence to be poor.

24-11-2014 | Respiratory | Article

Stable asthma prevalence masks increase in allergic phenotype

The prevalence of childhood asthma in Sweden appears to have stabilised, with no increase seen between 1996 and 2006, researchers report.

24-11-2014 | Respiratory | Article

Abnormal vitamin D, trace element levels may indicate asthma risk

Serum levels of vitamin D, copper and zinc could help identify infants with recurrent wheezing who are at risk of developing asthma, Turkish researchers suggest.

24-11-2014 | Respiratory | Article

Low asthma medication adherence predictors identified in adolescents

Inhaled corticosteroid adherence among adolescents with asthma is low and is associated with a lack of knowledge about treatment and patients’ perceptions about their medicines, show findings of a study published in the Journal of Asthma.

17-11-2014 | Oncology | Article

Prolonged passive smoking may increase lung cancer risk in women

Women who have never smoked but are exposed to smoking in the home for more than 30 years are at an increased risk of developing lung cancer compared with women without this passive smoking exposure, suggest researchers.

29-10-2014 | Respiratory | Article

Spirometry fails to improve quality of life in asthmatic children

The results of two cluster randomised controlled trials in young asthma patients reveal that regular spirometry and medical review do not significantly affect asthma-related quality of life, report Australian researchers.

29-10-2014 | Respiratory | Article

Asthma risk factors and control markers vary in childhood

Risk factors for asthma subtypes and markers of asthma control vary with age up to preadolescence, a study of a Swedish birth cohort has revealed.

29-10-2014 | Respiratory | Article

Severe childhood asthma linked to COPD in adult life

Children with severe asthma are at an increased risk of developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in adult life, show findings of an Australian study.

23-10-2014 | Respiratory | Article

Endemic lung infection compromises lung cancer diagnosis

The accuracy of lung cancer diagnosis using 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose–positron emission tomography may be compromised in areas with endemic infectious lung diseases, research suggests.

16-10-2014 | Cardiology | Article

Vascular receptor autoantibodies implicated in SSc-PAH

Autoantibodies to endothelin receptor type A and angiotensin receptor type-1 predict the development of, and mortality from, systemic sclerosis-associated pulmonary arterial hypertension, research suggests.

15-10-2014 | Cardiology | Article

HRQoL goals may improve outcome in PAH

Health-related quality of life before and during treatment for pulmonary arterial hypertension is significantly associated with survival, Brazilian researchers report.

14-10-2014 | Cardiology | Article

Noninvasive measure has prognostic value in PAH

Estimated right atrial pressure, measured using echocardiography, may be a useful prognostic indicator in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension, a study suggests.

21-09-2014 | Infectious disease | Article

Pneumonia in COPD patients has distinct clinical features

The aetiology and clinical features of community-acquired pneumonia are different in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease than in those without the lung condition, Spanish research demonstrates.

14-09-2014 | Otolaryngology | Article

S. pneumoniae drug susceptibility tracked in Japan

A 12-year survey of the antimicrobial susceptibility of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates in Miyagi Prefecture in Japan has identified important changes, including improved susceptibility to β-lactam antibiotics.

02-09-2014 | Respiratory | Article

Distinct features of COPD–asthma overlap syndrome identified

US researchers have shown that patients with both chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma have more exacerbations, less emphysema and more airway disease than patients with COPD alone.