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20-11-2008 | Psychology | Article

Risk for completed suicide high in year after initial failed attempt

The risk for completed suicide among individuals with a previous failed attempt is especially high in the year after the initial bid, research shows.

19-11-2008 | Mental health | Article

Migrants to the USA less likely to develop mood, anxiety disorders

Several immigrant groups living in the USA have a decreased risk for developing mood and anxiety disorders relative to the native population, but only if they emigrated at age 13 years or older, study results show.

23-10-2008 | Mental health | Article

Developmental stress impact on daily life stress moderated by genes

Sensitivity to stress in adult daily life is due to sensitization by stress exposures during development that may be accelerated by genes associated with depression, conclude researchers.

15-10-2008 | Mental health | Article

Serotonergic gene influences bipolar disorder but not depression

The tryptophan hydroxylase gene appears to influence the risk for bipolar disorder but not major depressive disorder, results of meta-analyses suggest.

13-10-2008 | Mental health | Article

Deep brain stimulation may reduce treatment-refractory depression

Treatment refractory depression may be alleviated by deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the central capsule (VC)/central striatum (VS), preliminary US study findings indicate.

02-10-2008 | Mental health | Article

Beneficial self-help strategies for sub-threshold depression identified

A range of self-help strategies for people with sub-threshold depression are likely to be helpful and are easy to implement, conclude Australian scientists.

02-10-2008 | Mental health | Article

Bipolar disorder in emergency settings predicted by DMX

The presence of depressive mixed state among patients undergoing emergency psychiatric hospitalization is a predictor of bipolar disorder and should be assessed in all patients with depression, say Japanese scientists.

28-09-2008 | Mental health | Article

Agitation 'no more bipolar than unipolar'

Agitated depressive syndromes do not appear to be mixed states, say researchers who found that agitated depression, with or without retardation, is no more frequently bipolar than unipolar disorder.

04-09-2008 | Psychology | Article

Perception of mental illness affects stigmatizing attitudes

Perceiving mental disorders as "real medical illnesses" reduces stigmatizing attitudes among the general public, as does having had contact with a person suffering from a mental disorder, study results suggest.

01-09-2008 | Mental health | Article

Most postpartum depression masks bipolar spectrum disorders

Most women presenting with postpartum depression have a bipolar spectrum disorder, researchers report.

01-09-2008 | Mental health | Article

Stressful life events linked to hippocampal deficits in major depression

Individuals who experience many stressful life events prior to being admitted to hospital for major depression have smaller left hippocampal volumes than their peers who have experienced fewer stressful events, study results show.

17-08-2008 | Mental health | Article

Anxiety and depression reductions with exercise not causal in general population

Regular exercise is linked to reductions in symptoms of anxiety and depression in the general population, but the effect does not appear to be causal, say Dutch investigators.

29-07-2008 | Mental health | Article

Comorbid Cluster A personality disorder and MDD linked to high perceived stress

Patients with major depressive disorder who have comorbid Cluster A personality disorder experience high stress levels after antidepressant treatment, which may predispose them to a poor outcome, researchers report.

23-07-2008 | Mental health | Article

Transcranial stimulation less cost-effective than ECT in severe depression

In the treatment of severe depression, electroconvulsive therapy is more cost effective than repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation, say UK researchers.

30-06-2008 | Mental health | Article

Psychotherapy benefits depressed mothers of children with a mental illness

Among depressed mothers with children receiving psychiatric treatment, interpersonal psychotherapy reduces symptoms and improves functioning, which precedes improvements in their children, conclude US researchers.

30-06-2008 | Mental health | Article

Mood disorder patients at risk for rapid weight gain

Adults presenting with mood disorders face a substantial risk for rapid weight gain after initial diagnosis, and are more likely to die from obesity-related causes than their mentally healthy peers, a Canadian study suggests.

24-06-2008 | Mental health | Article

Psychiatric morbidity common at postnatal assessment

There is a high prevalence and heteroegeneity of psychiatric morbidity at 6-week postnatal assessment among women who have given birth, Spanish researchers have discovered.

23-06-2008 | Psychology | Article

Bidirectional association between depression and Type 2 diabetes revealed

Individuals treated for Type 2 diabetes face an increased risk for developing clinical depression relative to the general population, US researchers have found.

18-06-2008 | Mental health | Article

Hippocampal volume may predict depression course in men

Small hippocampus volume appears to predict depression relapse among men in remission, show results of magnetic resonance imaging study.

17-06-2008 | Mental health | Article

Level of depression dictates nature of bias in self-perception

Patients with dysphoria have a negative bias in their self-perception, while those with low depressive symptoms have a positive bias in self-perception, US scientists have discovered in a study of young adults.