A US population-based cohort study reveals a change in the management of small renal masses in the 21st century with rates of nephron-sparing surgery on the rise and a corresponding decrease in the use of radical nephrectomy.
Longitudinal analysis of a birth cohort raises the possibility that attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children and in adults may be distinct and unrelated disorders.
Survival of patients with multiple sclerosis is still reduced, despite recent improvements, say researchers.
Research suggests that the timing of puberty affects the accuracy and interpretation of body mass index z-scores for judging adiposity in both girls and boys.
Treating children with idiopathic short stature with an individualised, formula-based dose of recombinant human growth hormone induces equivalent catch-up growth to that achieved with a standard dose, show findings from a randomised trial.
The Pediatric Endocrine Society has published guidelines for the management of persistent hypoglycaemia in neonates, infants and children without diabetes.
The ratio of aldosterone to renin in plasma is a reliable indicator of primary hypoaldosteronism in newborns and infants, say researchers.
Pulsatile gonadotropin-releasing hormone may be more effective than human chorionic gonadotropin for the treatment of peripubescent boys with hypogonadotropic hypogonadodism, say Chinese researchers.
Researchers say that using the lower limit of normal of the forced expiration volume in 1 second/forced vital capacity ratio improves risk stratification in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease undergoing thoracic surgery.
Researchers have found a link between increased airway and systemic inflammation and frequent exacerbations in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.